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Challenge Information - KPRCA_00081

Commonly known as: Fortress


Rounds Enabled

24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38

Details

Original Versions

Known Vulnerabilities

  • CWE-122 - Heap-based Buffer Overflow
  • CWEs are listed as indicated by the challenge author.

Deployed patches

Deployed IDS rules

None

DARPA performer group

Kaprica Security (KPRCA)

Description

Fortress is a mini-game where the player hires and sends their explorers to various missions. The player can hire up to 15 explorers at any time. Each explorer can learn up to 2 skills to counter specific types of the missions. There are total of 6 operation types: Ground, Aerial, Naval, Intel, Special, and Rescue. Each mission requires one or more explorers to perform these operations with the corresponding skills. Explorers can switch out currently learned skills with new skills. However, each skill training costs some supplies. The player can earn extra supplies and experience points for the explorers by successfully completing the mission. When the requirement for a mission is satisfied, it will be successfully completed after N days that is specified in the mission description. If any of the requirement is not met, there will be a penalty which yields lower success rate of the mission. Each mission costs some supplies. The goal is to level up explorers as fast as possible. Also, there are some easter-eggs to make it even more fun to play!

Feature List

- Next day: Advance the day (for daily supplies and mission progression) - Missions - Send mission - View current missions - Explorers - Hire explorer - View current explorers - Remove explorer - Learn skills - Change explorer name (hidden/special)

Vulnerability

Vuln 1

  • In HandleChangeName function, the new name for the explorer is not validated and is allowed to be longer than the static-sized buffer for the explorer's name, which is 17 bytes.
  • In CExplorer::ChangeName() function, the buffer that was passed in is strcpy'd straight into the static buffer.
  • With an overflow of this buffer, it is possible to corrupt another CExplorer object on the heap that is followed by the current one.
  • The corruption can lead to the control of virtual function table pointer, which may yield to arbitrary code execution.

Generic class of vulnerability

Heap buffer overflow

CWE classification

CWE-122: Heap-based Buffer Overflow

Challenges

  • Various comopnents with its own state.
  • C++
  • Same behavior in input parsing, but different ways to do so.
  • The initial game state is randomized.

Difficulty

  • Discovery: easy
  • Proving: medium
  • Patching: easy

POV Information

Round Source Destination Result POV Analysis Video
25 CSDS DeepRed Failed POV POV Watch
25 CSDS Disekt Failed POV POV Watch
25 CSDS ForAllSecure Failed POV POV Watch
25 CSDS Shellphish Failed POV POV Watch
25 CSDS TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
25 DeepRed CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
25 DeepRed CSDS Failed POV POV Watch
25 DeepRed Disekt Failed POV POV Watch
25 DeepRed ForAllSecure Failed POV POV Watch
25 DeepRed Shellphish Failed POV POV Watch
25 DeepRed TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
25 ForAllSecure CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
25 ForAllSecure CSDS Failed POV POV Watch
25 ForAllSecure DeepRed Failed POV POV Watch
25 ForAllSecure Disekt Failed POV POV Watch
25 ForAllSecure Shellphish Failed POV POV Watch
25 ForAllSecure TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
26 CodeJitsu Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
26 CSDS CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
26 CSDS DeepRed Failed POV POV Watch
26 CSDS Disekt Failed POV POV Watch
26 CSDS ForAllSecure Failed POV POV Watch
26 CSDS Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
26 CSDS TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
26 DeepRed CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
26 DeepRed CSDS Failed POV POV Watch
26 DeepRed Disekt Failed POV POV Watch
26 DeepRed ForAllSecure Failed POV POV Watch
26 DeepRed Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
26 DeepRed TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
26 ForAllSecure CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
26 ForAllSecure CSDS Failed POV POV Watch
26 ForAllSecure DeepRed Failed POV POV Watch
26 ForAllSecure Disekt Failed POV POV Watch
26 ForAllSecure Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
26 ForAllSecure TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
27 CodeJitsu Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
27 CSDS CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
27 CSDS DeepRed Failed POV POV Watch
27 CSDS Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
27 CSDS ForAllSecure Failed POV POV Watch
27 CSDS Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
27 CSDS TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
27 DeepRed CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
27 DeepRed CSDS Failed POV POV Watch
27 DeepRed Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
27 DeepRed ForAllSecure Failed POV POV Watch
27 DeepRed Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
27 DeepRed TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
27 ForAllSecure CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
27 ForAllSecure CSDS Failed POV POV Watch
27 ForAllSecure DeepRed Failed POV POV Watch
27 ForAllSecure Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
27 ForAllSecure Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
27 ForAllSecure TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
28 CSDS CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
28 CSDS DeepRed Failed POV POV Watch
28 CSDS Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
28 CSDS ForAllSecure Failed POV POV Watch
28 CSDS Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
28 CSDS TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
28 DeepRed CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
28 DeepRed CSDS Failed POV POV Watch
28 DeepRed Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
28 DeepRed ForAllSecure Failed POV POV Watch
28 DeepRed Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
28 DeepRed TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
28 ForAllSecure CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
28 ForAllSecure CSDS Failed POV POV Watch
28 ForAllSecure DeepRed Failed POV POV Watch
28 ForAllSecure Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
28 ForAllSecure Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
28 ForAllSecure TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
29 CSDS CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
29 CSDS DeepRed Failed POV POV Watch
29 CSDS Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
29 CSDS ForAllSecure Failed POV POV Watch
29 CSDS Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
29 CSDS TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
29 DeepRed CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
29 DeepRed CSDS Failed POV POV Watch
29 DeepRed Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
29 DeepRed ForAllSecure Failed POV POV Watch
29 DeepRed Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
29 DeepRed TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
29 ForAllSecure CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
29 ForAllSecure CSDS Failed POV POV Watch
29 ForAllSecure DeepRed Failed POV POV Watch
29 ForAllSecure Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
29 ForAllSecure Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
29 ForAllSecure TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
30 CodeJitsu Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
30 CSDS CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
30 CSDS DeepRed Failed POV POV Watch
30 CSDS Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
30 CSDS ForAllSecure Failed POV POV Watch
30 CSDS Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
30 CSDS TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
30 DeepRed CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
30 DeepRed CSDS Failed POV POV Watch
30 DeepRed Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
30 DeepRed ForAllSecure Failed POV POV Watch
30 DeepRed Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
30 DeepRed TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
30 ForAllSecure CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
30 ForAllSecure CSDS Failed POV POV Watch
30 ForAllSecure DeepRed Failed POV POV Watch
30 ForAllSecure Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
30 ForAllSecure Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
30 ForAllSecure TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
31 CodeJitsu Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
31 CSDS CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
31 CSDS DeepRed Failed POV POV Watch
31 CSDS Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
31 CSDS ForAllSecure Failed POV POV Watch
31 CSDS Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
31 CSDS TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
31 DeepRed CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
31 DeepRed CSDS Failed POV POV Watch
31 DeepRed Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
31 DeepRed ForAllSecure Failed POV POV Watch
31 DeepRed Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
31 DeepRed TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
31 ForAllSecure CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
31 ForAllSecure CSDS Failed POV POV Watch
31 ForAllSecure DeepRed Failed POV POV Watch
31 ForAllSecure Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
31 ForAllSecure Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
31 ForAllSecure TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
32 CSDS CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
32 CSDS DeepRed Failed POV POV Watch
32 CSDS Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
32 CSDS ForAllSecure Failed POV POV Watch
32 CSDS Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
32 CSDS TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
32 DeepRed CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
32 DeepRed CSDS Failed POV POV Watch
32 DeepRed Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
32 DeepRed ForAllSecure Failed POV POV Watch
32 DeepRed Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
32 DeepRed TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
32 ForAllSecure CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
32 ForAllSecure CSDS Failed POV POV Watch
32 ForAllSecure DeepRed Failed POV POV Watch
32 ForAllSecure Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
32 ForAllSecure Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
32 ForAllSecure TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
33 CSDS CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
33 CSDS DeepRed Failed POV POV Watch
33 CSDS Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
33 CSDS ForAllSecure Failed POV POV Watch
33 CSDS Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
33 CSDS TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
33 DeepRed CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
33 DeepRed CSDS Failed POV POV Watch
33 DeepRed Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
33 DeepRed ForAllSecure Failed POV POV Watch
33 DeepRed Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
33 DeepRed TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
33 ForAllSecure CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
33 ForAllSecure CSDS Failed POV POV Watch
33 ForAllSecure DeepRed Failed POV POV Watch
33 ForAllSecure Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
33 ForAllSecure Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
33 ForAllSecure TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
34 CSDS CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
34 CSDS DeepRed Failed POV POV Watch
34 CSDS Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
34 CSDS ForAllSecure Failed POV POV Watch
34 CSDS Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
34 CSDS TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
34 DeepRed CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
34 DeepRed CSDS Failed POV POV Watch
34 DeepRed Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
34 DeepRed ForAllSecure Failed POV POV Watch
34 DeepRed Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
34 DeepRed TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
34 ForAllSecure CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
34 ForAllSecure CSDS Failed POV POV Watch
34 ForAllSecure DeepRed Failed POV POV Watch
34 ForAllSecure Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
34 ForAllSecure Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
34 ForAllSecure TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
35 CSDS CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
35 CSDS DeepRed Failed POV POV Watch
35 CSDS Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
35 CSDS ForAllSecure Failed POV POV Watch
35 CSDS Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
35 CSDS TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
35 DeepRed CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
35 DeepRed CSDS Failed POV POV Watch
35 DeepRed Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
35 DeepRed ForAllSecure Failed POV POV Watch
35 DeepRed Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
35 DeepRed TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
35 ForAllSecure CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
35 ForAllSecure CSDS Failed POV POV Watch
35 ForAllSecure DeepRed Failed POV POV Watch
35 ForAllSecure Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
35 ForAllSecure Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
35 ForAllSecure TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
36 CSDS CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
36 CSDS DeepRed Failed POV POV Watch
36 CSDS Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
36 CSDS ForAllSecure Failed POV POV Watch
36 CSDS Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
36 CSDS TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
36 DeepRed CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
36 DeepRed CSDS Failed POV POV Watch
36 DeepRed Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
36 DeepRed ForAllSecure Failed POV POV Watch
36 DeepRed Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
36 DeepRed TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
36 ForAllSecure CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
36 ForAllSecure CSDS Failed POV POV Watch
36 ForAllSecure DeepRed Failed POV POV Watch
36 ForAllSecure Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
36 ForAllSecure Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
36 ForAllSecure TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
37 CSDS CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
37 CSDS DeepRed Failed POV POV Watch
37 CSDS Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
37 CSDS ForAllSecure Failed POV POV Watch
37 CSDS Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
37 CSDS TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
37 DeepRed CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
37 DeepRed CSDS Failed POV POV Watch
37 DeepRed Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
37 DeepRed ForAllSecure Failed POV POV Watch
37 DeepRed Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
37 DeepRed TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
37 ForAllSecure CodeJitsu Failed POV POV Watch
37 ForAllSecure CSDS Failed POV POV Watch
37 ForAllSecure DeepRed Failed POV POV Watch
37 ForAllSecure Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
37 ForAllSecure Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
37 ForAllSecure TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
38 CSDS CodeJitsu Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
38 CSDS DeepRed Failed POV POV Watch
38 CSDS Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
38 CSDS ForAllSecure Failed POV POV Watch
38 CSDS Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
38 CSDS TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
38 DeepRed CodeJitsu Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
38 DeepRed CSDS Failed POV POV Watch
38 DeepRed Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
38 DeepRed ForAllSecure Failed POV POV Watch
38 DeepRed Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
38 DeepRed TECHx Failed POV POV Watch
38 ForAllSecure CodeJitsu Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
38 ForAllSecure CSDS Failed POV POV Watch
38 ForAllSecure DeepRed Failed POV POV Watch
38 ForAllSecure Disekt Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
38 ForAllSecure Shellphish Failed POV through defenses POV Watch
38 ForAllSecure TECHx Failed POV POV Watch

Curated by Lunge Technology, LLC. Questions or comments? Send us email